When building a timber frame house, different variations are possible. Various heat insulation and finishing materials can be used. Here is a brief insight into which materials are most often used for the construction of timber frame buildings.
Timber is a natural, renewable material. If it is used for construction of houses, it returns to the environment, without harming the environment, but saving it. For construction of timber frame houses, only high-quality dried, four-sided, planed timber is. It is delivered by certified suppliers, graded C24. Its products meet EU requirements and are CE-marked.
Rock wool is a non-combustible heat insulation material that provides heat, sound insulation and fire protection.It is used for walls, ceilings, roof, attics, floors in all types of buildings. Stone wool slabs are flexible.You can qualitatively fill the panels of timber frame houses with this material.This material can be easily cut and incorporated into various vertical and horizontal structures. Slabs do not contract and do not lose their properties. Rock wool slabs are compact;therefore, the heat resistance of the thermal insulation layer will not decrease in cold weather.
Glass wool and rock wool
Glass wool and rock wool have similar properties. Glass wool is more flexible and lightweight, which makes it easier to be incorporated and provides higher compactness, but the glass wool has a lower degree of fire resistance compared to rock wool. Glass wool is used for a wide variety of structures – wall, ceiling, roof, loft, floor insulation.
Ecowool is a high quality and ecological thermal insulation material. Ecowool is often used for insulating the attic. In terms of heat resistance and fire resistance, ecowool is superior to rock wool, glass wool, as well as mineral wool. Ecowool is evenly integrated into horizontal and vertical surfaces, as well as in hard-to-reach places –in gaps, around pipes and wires, providing effective thermal insulation.
Wood-fibre wind protection boards
Wood-fibre wind protection boards are an effective windproof heat insulation material used for facades, ceilings and roofs of timber frame houses.The boards are produced from conifer wood chips impregnated with natural resin and a layer of paraffin. The boards are moisture resistant and suitable for the areas with high humidity.Wood-fibre wind protection boards are an ecological material, which protects against wind damage, as well as protects wooden structures against moisture.
Particle boards Durelis/Populair
Durelis/Populair is a moisture-resistant chipboard sheet used for exterior and interior walls and ceiling of buildings, and is suitable for load-bearing structures in humid conditions. It should be noted that in high humidity these sheets can minimally swell and expand.
OSB sheet is a material which is produced by bonding together large-sized chips, pressed and bonded with synthetic resin. OSB sheets are durable; therefore, they are widely used in the construction of timber frame houses – for walls, floors, ceilings, roofs.
Not everybody knowsthe true origin of this product. The origin of it can be found right here in Latvia – in Riga. In Riga, it was started to be manufactured by A/S “Rīgas Ģipsis”in 1938. Later, all the equipment was delivered to Germany, where the company “Rigips Gmbh” was founded, which is still operating today. In fact, rigips is nothing other than gypsum board that is used in traditional dry construction. The question arises – why is rigips so popular? The answer is very simple – it is possible to create different types of constructions from it–ranging from simple partitions to ceiling cladding and flooring.The Knauf brand once developed a constructive solution for bank walls that consisted of a multi-layered combination of different types of plates. In short–it is easy and fast to work with rigips; the frame is lightweight (especially metal), you can get any communication through it.
What does this miraculous material consist of?
All the great things are simple, and rigips is no exception. Essentially its composition is included in the name – a gypsum board sheet. Gypsumis covered with cardboard coating. Great, is not it? There are various variations – GKB ordinary sheets in white, GKBI impregnated (moisture resistant) sheets in green, GKF sheets with higher fire resistance in rosy and pink.